Herb Series: Epazote



Epazote is one of those ingredients that will scare a cook off. A lot of people don't know what epazote is..they also don't know what they're missing.

Epazote (ehp-ah-ZOH-teh) is a pungent herb that grows wild in the United States and Mexico. Strong-flavored and leafy, epazote is used in Mexican cooking, particularly in Yucatecan dishes. It is also a carminative, which means it reduces the gas associated with beans. Now that's enough to make you run out and buy some.

But there's another reason: the incomparable flavor epazote adds to black beans, quesadillas and other dishes. "It has a strong, acidic, almost lemony flavor," says Dallas chef Ben Ivey. "You have to acquire a taste for it." Some cooks use another Mexican herb, cilantro, in recipes that call for epazote. The two herbs show up in many of the same recipes, but their flavors aren't really similar.

Red Chile Seafood Soup

This is one of several recipes using epazote, the mexican herb, put together by Rick Bayless, the incomparable chef from Frontera Restaurant.
"Making seafood soup may sound as if there's a special occasion in the offing, but that no longer has to be true.  With the wide availability of fresh seafood, this version of Mexico's beloved, easily varied, coastal soup - even with its supertraditional, robust roasted red chile flavor - is within anyone's reach.  Chicken broth provides a rich background, shellfish add that delicious taste of the sea and epazote gives a classic Gulf Coast flavor, though it's not essential. (Epazote is available in well stocked groceries and Mexican markets, and it's very easy to grow in pots or small garden plots.)
Servings: about 3 quarts

INGREDIENTS (Links to the key ingredients - click to find at To-Table)

  • tablespoons vegetable or olive oil
  • 3(3/4 ounce total) dried guajillo chiles, stemmed, seeded and torn into large pieces
  • 115-ounce can diced tomatoes in juice (preferably fire-roasted)
  • large white onion, chopped into 1/4-inch pieces
  • 2 garlic cloves, peeled
  • cups chicken or fish broth
  • medium (about 1 pound total) red-skin boiling or Yukon Gold potatoes, each cut into 8 pieces
  • large sprigs epazote, 
  • Salt
  • pound mussels, scrubbed and debearded if necessary OR 2 pounds clams
  • pound fish (I like halibut, or mahimahi ), cut into 1-inch cubes
  • About 1/2 cup roughly chopped cilantro, for garnish
  • 1 lime, cut into 6 wedges, for serving



Heat the oil in a medium (5- to 6-quart) soup pot over medium. Add the chile and stir-fry until they have changed color slightly and are very toasty - fragrant, 30 seconds to a minute. (Don't over toast the chiles or the soup will be bitter.) Scoop up the chile pieces with a slotted spoon, pressing them against the side of the pot to leave behind as much oil as possible, and transfer to a blender jar; set the pan aside. (A food processor will work, but it won't completely puree the chile.) Pour the tomatoes, with their juice, into the blender.

Add 2/3 of the onions and all the garlic to the hot pan. Cook over medium, stirring frequently, until golden, about 7 minutes. Meanwhile, scoop the remaining onion into a strainer rinse under cold water; and set aside to use as a garnish. Use your slotted spoon to transfer the onions and garlic to the blender, and process until smooth.

Set a medium-mesh strainer over the pot and work the tomato-chile mixture through it. Return the pot to medium-high heat and cook, stirring frequently, until reduce and thick, about 6 minutes. Add the broth, potatoes and epazote (if you have it). When the mixture comes to a boil, reduce the heat to medium-low and simmer until the potatoes are tender, usually about 15 minutes. Taste and season with salt, usually a generous 1 1/2 teaspoons.

Just before serving, raise the heat to medium-high and add the mussels or clams and fish. Boil briskly until the bivalves have opened, usually about 4 minutes.

Ladle into large bowls. Sprinkle generously with cilantro and the remaining onion. Serve your steaming bowls of beauty with the limes passed separately for each person to squeeze inal gusto.

Riffs on the Seafood Soup Theme: The fish and shellfish can easily change to include practically any seafood you can lay your hands on. Here are my general guidelines: Mussels or clams add complexity to the soup, so I always try to include them. Shrimp and scallops are good for meaty sweetness. (Fish with a fine flake, like sole or small flounder, tend to fall apart in the soup, and strong flavored fish, such as mackerel, bluefish and salmon, can overwhelm the flavors of the broth.) If you want to use crab meat, add it just before you serve the soup so it doesn't disintegrate.

The potatoes can be replaced by cubes of chayote (I don't even peel them), 1-inch lengths of green beans, peas or corn (use the same weight). Or replace them with a drained 28-ounce can of hominy to make a dish similar to the pozole de mariscos that's popular on Mexico's west coast.

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